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28th International Conference on Neurology & Neurophysiology, will be organized around the theme “”
Neurophysiology 2024 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Neurophysiology 2024
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Neurology: It is a branch of medicine which deals with disorders of Nervous systsm which includes central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. Neurology also includes diagnosis and treatment of both central and peripheral nervous system. Neurologists are one who treats disorders which are related to brain, spinal cord and nerves. They are about 600 neurological disorders which affect nervous system and muscular system still we have few unknown diseases on which research is going on.
Neurogenesis: A Series of action from nervous system cells, known as neurons are produced by neural stem cells. Adult neurogenesis is differing markedly because it differs in mammals and adults. In mammals it is continually born whereas in adult it has two regions that is sub granular zone and sub ventricular zone. Much more attention has been paid to neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus than in the striatum. Neurogenesis play a vital role in memory, emotion, injury and many more
Neurophysiology: The physiology of nervous system is concerned with investigation of function in central and peripheral nervous system. A primary device which is used in neurophysiology is electrophysiological recordings such as patch clamp, voltage clamp and recording of local field unit. Neurophysiology is mostly studied since 4000 B.C. It is a branch which also includes neuroscience. Both neuron physiology and neuroscience combine with each other to know the function.
Neuroimaging : To measure the aspect of brain function, it helps in viewing activities occurring in certain areas and specific mental illness. It is research tool of cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology. After centuries of research neuroimaging has came into existence in early 1970s and gave Neuroscientist and Neuropsychologist a living and functional images of brain. A number of empirical research studies grew exponentially after the advent of neuroimaging devices as did the number of new medication. It is mainly of two types that is functional imaging and structural imaging.
Behavioral Neurology: It is very interesting and subspecialty of neurology that studies impact of neurological damage and disease upon memory and cognition. It is associated with neuropsychiatry and neuropsychology. This behavioral neurology was come in picture by United Council for Neurologic subspecialties. It mostly deals with behavior, memory and cognition and their impact of damage and disease and treatment.
Neurorehabilitation is a complex medical process which aims to aid recovery from nervous system injury and to minimize and compensate for any functional alteration. The most important therapies are those that help people live their everyday lives. These include physiotherapy, occupational therapy, psychological therapy, speech, vision therapy, and language therapy, and therapies focused on daily function and community re-integration. A particular focus is given to improving mobility and strength, as this is key to a person's independence. Development in neuroimaging techniques has greatly enhanced the scope and outcome of Neurorehabilitation.
This area is for the expertise and frontiers that excel in the field of Neurology. Much anonymous advancement for the betterment of life in Neurological field is to be discussed in this conference. Sharing the information about the perspective field of neurology as scientists are using their research with neurology to provide cutting edge improvements to therapies for patients with nervous system issues
Neuropharmacology: It is a branch which shows about cellular function in nervous system, and the neural mechanisms through which they influence behavior. There are two main branches of neuropharmacology are behavioral and molecular neuropharmacology . An understanding of drug action in the brain must integrate knowledge of the molecular and cellular actions of a drug with their effects on brain circuitry (it is one of the key concept of neuropharmacology)
Neurochemistry: It is branch of subject which deals with neurotransmitters and it also includes psych pharmaceuticals and neuropeptides. Neurochemistry mostly analyse the biochemistry, molecular biology of organic compounds in nervous system. The role in neural process as cortical plasticity, neurogenesis and also neural differentiation. Neurochemistry as a discipline traces its origin series of International neurochemical symposia.
The basic functions of neurons is to receive signal, Integrate incoming signals, communicate signal to target cell. It all takes place by cell body called SOMA. When soma nerves get injured or destroyed it leads to Neurological disorders. This soma cells mostly controls breathing, swallowing, walking and speaking. Mostly destruction of that neuron leads to sclerosis multiple, pseudobalbar palsy and muscular atrophy
Neuroplasticity: It is combination of Brain plasticity and Neural plasticity, is ability of the brain change throughout the individual life. Usually brain activity associated with a given function can be transferred to a different location, the proportion of grey matter can change, and synapses may strengthen or weaken over time. It is observed in multiple scales from microscopic changes in individual neurons to larger-scale changes such as cortical remapping in response to injury.
Neuroepidemiology: The Neuroepidemological study is based on neurological diseases distribution and determinants of frequency in human populations. Traditionally, Neuroepidemiology has been perceived for a long time as a science of incidence, prevalence, risk factors, natural history and prognosis of neurological disorders. One and only part of Neuroepidemology is called non experimental Neuroepidemology.
Neurocardiology is aspect of Neurophysiological, Neuroanatomical and neurological aspects of cardiology. It mainly includes especially neurological origin of cardiac disorders. It is studied in sense with heart interactions with central and peripheral nervous system. Clinical issues of neurocardiology include cardiac intervention and cardiovascular findings. A succinate intervention of neuron which sometimes leads to arrhythmias and heart failure.
Neuro oncology: Deals with brain and spinal cord neoplasm it is most life threatening and dangerous. Among malignancy brain cancer, gliomas of brainstem and pons, glioblastoma multiforme, high grade astrocytoma is worst. In case of untreated survival usually amounts to only a few months, and survival with radiation and chemotherapy treatment may extend to that year or more based on the immune system.
It is vast disorder which usually effects fetal to adulthood, it is about 16years where little human suffers from many abnormalities such as:
- Neuroinflammatory & neuromuscular disorders
- Neurogenetic & movement disorder
- Brain, spinal injury along with infection
- White matter disorders, inborn errors of metabolism
Currently paediatric neurology has been undergoing secondary and tertiary level of services where they manage to be cured by undergoing surgery in paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and the Neonatal ICU (NICU).
In simple terms it is a field of science to know about Nervous system immunity .It mainly an interaction of brain development, haemostasis and response to injury. Neuroinflammation and Neuroimmune has played a vital role in etiologic of neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and multiple sclerosis.